A couple of months ago I stumbled upon an interview of Jordan Peterson (a Canadian clinical psychologist and a professor of psychology at the University of Toronto) who mentioned a book that I bought right after: Ordinary Men.
In the interview doctor Peterson mentioned how it is important for people to keep the past in mind and not forget what we have the potential of becoming. His argument was that evil resides in the great majority of our souls and we can easily fall for the wrong propaganda if well crafted. To him, only a clear understanding of the sociological and psicological dynamics that brought to the raise of Nazi Germany will shield us from repeating the same mistake again. Here’s an excerpt of that interview:
So I bought “Ordinary men” and started reading its rough pages filled of reports from German police guards during WWII that gave me a deeper understanding of how close they were to what we would define Normal people. The only difference really seems to be the social pressure they went through in those years. There also seems to have been a big difference between the morality of the vets who fought on WWI and the younger generations (Hitler youth) who were basically brainwashed to Nazi ideals since birth.
Then a few days ago, as if the book wasn’t enough, I then saw the Netflix original series The Liberator which also doesn’t shy away from narrating the horrible stories of WWII.
It’s like some higher force wanted me to look deeper into what happened. Even if I’ve always been aware of the holocausts war and hate can generate, somehow it feels like as a society we sometimes seem to forget that.
CHARLIE CHAPLIN’S INSPIRATIONAL SPEECH
Paolo Nutini’s third album, Caustic Love, was released in 2014 and was a huge hit. It was Number 1 in the UK and has since been classified double platinum. It also spawned the monster single, Iron Sky.
A momentous, soulful, epic ballad, the track features stirring lyrics: “We find gods and religions to / To paint us with salvation / But no one / No nobody / Can give you the power.”
As the track pauses, a voice chimes out, giving an impassioned, emotional speech that says:
“To those who can hear me, I say, do not despair. The misery that is now upon us is but the passing of greed, the bitterness of men who fear the way of human progress.
“The hate of men will pass, and dictators die, and the power they took from the people will return to the people. And so long as men die, liberty will never perish.
“Don’t give yourselves to these unnatural men! Machine men with machine minds and machine hearts! You are not machines, you are not cattle, you are men!
“You, the people, have the power to make this life free and beautiful, to make this life a wonderful adventure.
“Let us use that power. Let us all unite!”
But who is the voice and what does the speech mean? It’s not Paisley-born Paolo Nutini, that’s for sure.
In 1939, Charlie Chaplin was a superstar. Born in South London, he moved to the US to pursue fame in the rapidly-growing movie business in Hollywood. His Little Tramp character soon became a huge hit around the globe – everyone could identify with Chaplin and his humour. Moving into features in 1921 with the classic comedy The Kid, Chaplin kicked against the advent of sound films at the end of the decade and continued to make silent pictures well into the the 1930s.
But one subject changed his mind: the rise of Adolf Hitler and the Nazis. A trip to Berlin in 1931 had seen the comic mobbed by fans, but the Nazi Party disgustedly denounced him as a “Jewish acrobat” (despite Chaplin not being Jewish). The film-maker decided to hit back and add his voice, properly for the first time, to the growing disapproval and horror at what was happening in Europe.
The Great Dictator was made just as World War II was declared in September 1939 and told the story of a thinly-disguised parody of Hitler, Adenoid Hynkel, ruling tyrant of a fictional European country called Tomainia. Chaplin played Hynkel and his identical double, a nameless Jewish barber who experiences persecution.
As Hynkel’s ambitions grow, the barber is drawn into a plot to remove him, thanks to his uncanny resemblance to the dictator. After the tyrant is mistaken for his double and sent to a concentration camp, the barber has to impersonate the ruler and make a speech to his troops.
He takes the opportunity to make an impassioned plea for unity and humanity – while in the story, Chaplin’s character is speaking to the massed ranks of the Dictator’s supporters, in reality he’s speaking directly to the audience.
“I’m sorry, but I don’t want to be an emperor. That’s not my business. I don’t want to rule or conquer anyone. I should like to help everyone if possible; Jew, Gentile, black man, white. We all want to help one another. Human beings are like that. We want to live by each other’s happiness, not by each other’s misery.
“We don’t want to hate and despise one another. In this world there is room for everyone, and the good earth is rich and can provide for everyone. The way of life can be free and beautiful, but we have lost the way. Greed has poisoned men’s souls, has barricaded the world with hate, has goose-stepped us into misery and bloodshed.”
The speech shines an uncomfortable light on what was happening with Germany, but making The Great Dictator at the start of of the war, Chaplin wasn’t aware of how horrifying the reality was.